Sustainable Urbanisation
Amphitheatre: MWC, Jaipur

Sustainable Urbanisation

Sustainable Urbanisation - Panoramic View
Panaromic View, MWC, Chennai

Increasing rates of urbanisation is the one factor that is changing the world more dramatically than we
have ever known. This urbanisation is increasingly visible in the numbers. In 1900, 13% of the world’s
population was urban. Thereafter, the global urban population increased from 220 mn in 1900 toı 732
mn in 1950 (29% of the world’s population).

In a little more than a century, the world has changed more than it ever has in its recorded existence. By
2007, 50% of the world’s population was living in cities. In 2007, for the first time in history, over half of
the world’s population of 3.3 billion people began to live in urban areas with an additional 500 million
people urbanised by 2012 and 60% of the world’s population possibly urbanised by 2030 (Source: FIG
Surveyors). The number of global megacities (cities with a population of 10 million or more) has risen
from a mere two in 1950 to 20 in 2005 and a projected 27 by 2020. Interestingly, over half of all this
dramatic upheaval is happening - and will happen - in Asia.

Asia is possibly going through the biggest continental churn in the world, marked by industrialisation, income growth and resulting in urbanisation. The result is that the developing regions of the world have
more than doubled the number of urban dwellers than the more developed (2.3 billion vs. 0.9 billion). In
1968, the urban population of the developing regions surpassed for the first time that of the more
developed regions. This trend is likely to continue for some time, based on projections on the sustained high rates of population growth in many developing regions.


Global Concern - Aerial view of the Amazon Rainforest
Aerial view of the Amazon Rainforest (Photo credit: CIFOR)

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